The increasing number of individuals that are addicted to drugs has forced the government to take stringent measures to treat 200,000 addicts and lift the moratorium on capital punishment. However, the government also faces several challenges with poorly equipped and understaffed rehabilitation centers.
According to the National Narcotics Agency (BNN) Indonesia, the government must undertake significant improvements in its rehabilitation programs because the number of drug users is expected to increase from the present 4 million users to about 4.7 million by 2020. Drug addiction is a very serious problem in Indonesia that is why the government has undertaken harsh measures like the death penalty.
On the other hand, laws require that drug addicts must be treated as victims who are entitled to social and medical rehabilitation. Rehabilitation centers face serious problems with the inadequacy of facilities and human resources. With fewer than 80 psychiatrists, the government can only manage to treat about 25,000 drug users every year. In 2015, the government planned for the rehabilitation of 100,000 drug users but BNN was only able to accommodate about 42,000.
There are 578 registered rehabilitation centers with 18 run by the government. There is no standardized treatment because each center employs its own methods and techniques. One example is a rehab center in Purbalingga, Central Java that makes use of “boil therapy.” A patient is placed on the pot containing different herbs which is warmed on a stove for 30 minutes. The method can be considered as odd but according to claims it is successful in treating drug users.
In BNN’s rehab center in Lido, West Java, patients are placed in isolation for medical treatment after which they undergo therapy in preparation for life outside of the rehab facility. BNN’s goal is to standardize rehabilitation programs to ensure an increased rate of success.
The world’s finest rehabilitation program can be found in Passages Malibu that focuses on one-on-one therapy. Unlike other programs where drug addiction is considered a disease, Passage Malibu locates the reason behind the drug addiction before treatment is provided. Treatment is customized to ensure the best one-on-one care possible.